Flexible wire, also known as flexible cable or stranded wire, is a type of electrical wiring that is designed to be more pliable and bendable compared to solid-core wires. It is widely used in various applications where flexibility is important, such as in moving parts, tight spaces, and situations where wires need to endure repeated bending without breaking. Flexible wires are commonly found in electronics, appliances, automotive systems, robotics, and industrial machinery.
The main characteristics of flexible wire include:
1. Stranded Construction: Flexible wires are made up of multiple smaller strands of conductive material (usually copper) that are twisted or braided together. This stranded construction enhances the wire’s flexibility and makes it more resistant to mechanical stress and bending compared to solid-core wires.
2. Flexibility: The multiple strands of conductors allow the wire to be more flexible and capable of bending without easily breaking. This flexibility is essential for applications where wires need to be routed through tight spaces, connected to moving parts, or withstand frequent movement.
3. Conductor Size: Flexible wires come in various sizes and gauges, just like solid-core wires. The choice of conductor size depends on the current-carrying capacity required for the specific application.
4. Insulation: Like other types of wires, flexible wires are usually insulated with materials such as PVC (polyvinyl chloride), rubber, silicone, or other appropriate insulating materials. The insulation protects against electrical contact, moisture, and other environmental factors.
5. Colour Coding: Flexible wires often come in different colours to aid in identification and proper connection during installation.
6. Applications: Flexible wires are used in a wide range of applications, including internal wiring of appliances, electronic devices, control systems, automotive wiring, robotics, and more. They are particularly useful in situations where wires need to be routed around corners, bent frequently, or moved without compromising the integrity of the electrical connection.
7. Connectivity: Flexible wires can be easily terminated using various types of connectors, terminals, and soldering methods.
8. Durability: The stranded construction of flexible wires provides enhanced durability and resistance to mechanical stress, which makes them well-suited for environments with vibration, movement, or repeated bending.